Hungary. Romania. Two countries, two nations, a lot of common history in the last 1000 years and of course emotions on both sides. Everybody "claims" the land as his own and nobody wants to accept the other's argumentation. So it kind of an endless speech with two majore speaker. The idea they do not speak to each other but rather they just speak and nobody listens.
However, the fact is a fact. Transylvania belongs to Romania which nowadays is a "national, sovereign, independent unitary and indivisible state" granted by the 2003 Constitution of the country. And in this political and legal landscape probably there will be a majore change. Recently, the neighbor country, Hungary granted citizenship for all Hungarians living in the diaspora. This law passed by the 2nd Orban government was expected from long-long time over the last 65 years after the II WW, and nowadays we have seen the first "brand new" Hungarian citizens. I discussed this process in details in an earlier blog entry this year (in Hungarian).
The dilemma is: is gone change this new [possible] political strengt the romanian political landscape in those counties like Hargita, Covasna and Mures? It might happen that many people will apply for this dual citizenship and definitely there will be some balance issue in those regions. Even though those citizens will remain romanian subjects, still they will have a huge advantage: they will be also hungarian subjects as well. For sure, the romanian citizens being also hungarian citizens as well will be "more equal" than those romanian citizens not having a second citizenship.
The multiple citizenship concept is not banned in the Romanian Constitution, so each citizen of the country can apply for a foreign citizenship and over the time many people obtained citizenships mainly from countries like Hungary, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Italy, etc. However, in those specific regions mentioned earlier, it might happen that thousands and thousands (even hundred thousands) will apply for a hungarian citizenship and probably it will be granted to everybody who can prove that he/she belongs to the hungarian minority living in Transylvania.
I look forward to see how Romania will handle this "problem" (if there is any) and I am also interested to see how many will apply for this citizenship offered by Hungary. As we can see in Physics whatever system tries to attain its stability, so it will be not different in that particular case either. Sooner or later there will be stability and balance.
Ps. However, some players in the romanian political landscape definitely they will play this "minority card" again and again in the upcoming months and during the elections in 2012.